The Brain And Dependency what-is-addiction

Addictive Substances And The Diversity In The Brain

Addictive substances causes changes in the brain over time. When dependence grows, alterations in the brain make exploiters place substance above everything else.


The moment a person develops dependence, his or her brain is highly set to use substances in spite of the effects. Situations or circumstances that relate to former substance abuse can provoke craving years later, even though the physical symptoms have stopped. Rehabilitation is, however, still possible. But patients should understand that treatment is a continuous process. Treatment for addiction is improving every day and has swiftly advanced over the years. Seek the assistance of others if you or your loved one is fighting the problem.


How Do Addictions Develop

Every conscious and unconscious decision humans have is due to the most complicated organ we have, the brain. The brain fully controls normal motor skills, heart and breathing levels, feelings, behaviour and decision-making. If an individual consumes an addictive drug, the limbic system discharges chemicals that make the exploiter feel great. Repeated drug abuse is encouraged by this. Thanks to specific modifications that the brain's rewards system has experienced, a person will, despite dangerous consequences, feel a severe, involuntary craving to use a drug. The top priority becomes feeding the addiction.


There is a section in the brain charged with addiction. This section of the brain is known as the limbic system. It is also known as "brain reward system" and it has a job to create feelings of enjoyment.



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Setting Off The Brain Reward System

The ill-use of addictive drugs sparks off the brain reward system. An addiction can occur when this system is habitually activated with drug use. When we engage in activities that are beneficial for us, the brain reward system will automatically become operational. This naturally helps us to change and survive. So, the brain thinks that something significant for the survival is occurring every time something triggers this system. That action is then rewarded by the brain by releasing enjoyable emotions.


For instance, we trigger the rewards system every time we drink water when we are feeling thirsty so we can keep performing that action again and again. Even when we engage in dangerous activities, we still feel some satisfaction because these drugs and alcohol have taken over the reward system. Regrettably, dependent drugs have a much bigger impact on the brain reward system.


Dependency Biochemistry

One of the most significant parts of the reward system is dopamine. Dopamine is a natural element in the brain which releases signals to the reward system. Drugs can either act like dopamine or lead to an increase in dopamine in the brain when they are introduced to the limbic system.

Because the dopamine they produce is insignificant, regular activities like food, music, sex, and drinking, do not alter the brain and cause dependence although they can switch on the reward system.

The dopamine released by addictive substances can be up to 10 times more than the amount released from normal actions.

Dopamine is usually combined with floods neuroreceptors by drugs. This makes one feel "high", similar to when you take drugs. After prolonged substance ill-use, the human brain is not in a position to naturally create usual levels of dopamine. Essentially, the reward system is taken hostage by the drug.

This causes the brain to crave the substance in order to get dopamine back to normal levels. Not taking the drug automatically leads to despondency for such addicts.


Addiction And Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is gradually becoming one of the best cure for drug reliance. It is also known as Electroencephalogram (EEG) Biofeedback. The brain is trained to be able to work better with the neurofeedback process. Sensors are applied to the scalp by the person performing the therapy that monitor brain activity during this process. The controller then makes sure that the brain's activity is modified to preferable, healthier patterns by rewarding it.

Neurofeedback aids in discovering any primary issues that may be setting off addiction, for example

  • Desolation
  • Apprehension
  • Severe depression
  • Sleeplessness

By supporting the brain to readapt how to be without substances, neurofeedback has shown to be a really victorious dependence treatment for a good number of people. Neurofeedback is a vital part of extensive recovery scheme at many treatment facilities. If you need assistance, contact us on 0800 772 3971 and we will find one for you.