While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. An example of a symptom is a patient reporting sleepiness while a sign would be someone noticing dilated pupils.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.
Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
Public and leisure forfeiture - Some people abandon their lifestyles to pursue drugs. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
Stashing the substance - an addict might hide small stocks of the substance in unlikely places, like around the house or in the car.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.