There are many drugs which are used in addiction treatment programs to relieve withdrawal side effects and decrease the chances of relapse. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This stage is known as the detox period. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. Depending on the usage and history of drug, the rigorousness of withdrawal signs may vary. The most terrible signs are appeared in the case of those who have been using the drugs for longer period of time with high dosage.
There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. Some of these are:
To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:
They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
These medicines help the user to feel good and create natural happiness in their brain.
When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
Clonidine is prescribed for treating alcohol and opiate-related withdrawal symptoms; it gives relief by reducing the intense perspiring, muscle spasms, body pains and stress.
Tremors and fits can also be reduced with the use of Clonidine.
The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.
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Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.
Medicines for alcohol addiction are:
Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
Alcoholism can produce side effects such as emotional and physical distress and Acamprosate can relieve these.
This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
By hindering unhappy thoughts that cause stress and unhappiness, Acamprosate stops the users from wanting to take alcohol.
Disulfiram was the primary medicine authorized for alcoholism.
When someone that is taking Disulfiram drinks alcohol, the medicine provokes effects like nausea and vomiting.
The intention is that the ones taking disulfiram will not drink alcohol as it will make them feel sick.
Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.
Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction
Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. These medications are taken daily in the form of orally ingestible pills.
Withdrawal from Opiate use can go on for only a week for some people. There are also many who take long before overcoming the symptoms. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.
Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include:
Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
Find out more information about Methadone.
Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
It puts an end to cravings.
Since alcohol and opiates work on the same brain nerve endings, Naltrexone can stop both the same way.
Medical Detox And Rehab
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. You can become sober once again through medical detox in relaxed surroundings. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
It is wise to start the first step in addiction treatment with a medically supervised detox program.
Health problems can be improve through supervised detox. Fluids levels, temperature, heart and breathing rate checked by doctors. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Medications can be adjusted to the needs of the patient and long-term plans can be made.
Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. High blood pressure is one of the problem of withdrawals. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.
Inpatient rehab often includes detox. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.
Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 772 3971.